June 8, 2018
During the pre-fellowship period, I wanted to find out who are the key players in water and sanitation in Rwanda, with a special focus on Kigali. I wanted to get a better understanding of what has already been done, who has done it, how have been done and what were the challenges. Through this, I hope to get an overview of the current situation of water and sanitation in Rwanda.
According to the Rwandan national institute of statistics, Kigali is a home of approximately 1.5 million people living on 730 square kilometers. Kigali has experienced rapid urbanization in the last 10 years as Kigali’s population has more than doubled from 705,000 in 2008. This means it has doubled in less than two decades. This rapid urbanization has increasingly become a big challenge for the Rwandan government and city planners. Rapid population growth, driven by urbanization over the past few years has pushed demand for water to as high as 138,142 cubic meters of water daily.
The following is what I have found out during the past four weeks of my preparatory research:
Before starting this preparatory research I didn’t really know who the main players in water and sanitation were in Rwanda. I wasn’t aware of how much is still have to be done so all the Rwandans would have access to water not only water but clean water. I have learned from this research that the government of Rwanda wants to invest more into water and sanitation and make this issue its own by increasing the budget related to Water and sanitation so that by 2020 everyone would have access to clean water. Before this research I thought the government is not doing as much as possible to provide the portable water to the people but I have found out there is more projects that are going on throughout the country to increase the production of water in Urban and rural areas.
For the next stage of the fellowship, I am planning to meet with the organizations that are working to provide clean water and sanitation in Rwanda and in particularly in Kigali in order to understand what have been their challenges and how are they trying to face those challenges. I will also go to the communities and have speak with the community leaders and the resident to learn what the challenges they are facing. I will also reach out to the other social enterprises that are not only working in water and sanitation but other fields that work with Kigali’s poor to learn from them what they have been facing and how do they see the social enterprise sector or business in Rwanda.